The Tsum Valley recently introduced to the foreigners is a sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley situated in a Trans Himalayan region of Gorkha. Tsum comes from the Tibetan word 'Tsombo', which means vivid.
The Tsum Valley's acquaintance with Tibet, natural beauty and its pristine culture make this trekking unique. Against the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh Himal, Sringi Himal and Baudha Himal ranges, this serene Himalayan valley is rich in ancient art, culture, and religion. The local people are mostly of Tibetan origin and speak a unique dialect. Trails are strewn with artistic chortens and lined with Mani walls made of thousands of stone slabs carved with deities and prayers.
The Tsum valley has a long history of Buddhism as Buddhist saint Milarepa is believed to have meditated in the caves of there mountains. Traditionally Tsum valley was a culturally distinct geographical area called 'Tsum Tso Chuksum', which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. The ancient remains of the Tsum Kingdom are still visible today. Because of its remoteness and inaccessibility, this sacred valley and its people have been bypassed by mainstream development for centuries so the unique culture of this valley has remained intact till now.
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu and transfer to hotel.
Day 02: Drive to Soti 780m. via Arughat for about 7-8hrs.
Day 03: Soti to Lapubesi 890m. 6-7hrs.
Trek through Gurung and Magar villages on the untrafficked road following Buri Gandaki river, eventually the trail drops to the Labubesi.
Day 04: Lapubesi to Tatopani 930m. 4-5hrs.
Continue up and down on the gravel riverbed, passing through Gurung villages and reach to ridges of Tatopani where there are hot water spouts under the sheer cliffs that provide a delightful evening shower.
Day 05: Tatopani to Philip 1590m 6-7hrs.
Continue up-river on the left bank, up and down before crossing Nepal’s longest suspension bridge to the east bank and a tiring climb up to prosperous Philip surrounded by rich fields of maize, potato, and millet.
Day 06: Philim to Chumling 2340m 6-7hrs.
The hidden valley of Tsum stretches enticingly ahead from here as the trail eventually descends to a lone Bhatti Ghumlong on the river then climbs steeply to Chumling.
Day 07: Chumling to Chhokangparo 3000m 5-6hrs.
Cross the Serpe Khola and climb on well-graded but exposed track to upper Tsum and the large village of Chhokangparo with stone houses nestled under cliffs without a single iron roof.
Day 08: Chhokangparo to Nile 3360m 4-5hrs.
The trail goes through hamlets of Phurbe and Pangdun an unusual round stupa before reaching the larger village of Chhule through an impressive entrance gate then head upstream to cross the bridge and climb to Nile villages.
Day 09: The ile to Chhokangparo 3145m 6-7hrs.
Trek up the valley on the west bank to Mu Gompa through dry Tibetan country, with rows of chortens, Gombas and widening mountain vistas. Continue south until a bridge crosses to the west bank then descend again to Chhokangparo.
Day 10: Chhokangparo to Gumba Lungdang 3210m 5-6hrs.
Trek down through Dhumje which has a Tibetan herbal medicine clinic and school then climb steeply on an indistinct track through pines and rhododendrons until the track starts traversing at a mani wall with prayer flags and reach Gumba Lungdang.
Day 11: Gumba Lungdang to Lokpa 2240m 7-8hrs.
Long day walks up and downhill through picturesque Ripchet and Bhatti Ghumlong on the river then reach to Lokpa.
Day 12: Lokpa to Ghap 23890m 7-8hrs.
Another long day leaving Tsum valley behind and entering Nupri through bamboo forests to Deng and further gentle walk brings to Ghap.
Day 13: Ghap to Lho 3145m 4-5hrs.
Enter a beautiful forest of fir and rhododendron climbing on well-made stairs to the architecture characteristic of upper Nupri and finally a leisurely walk onwards, in and out of gullies to Lho.
Day 14: Lho to Samagaon 3510m 3-4hrs.
This short day takes you into the mountains with time to enjoy and acclimatize. Easy walk to Syala and further to the large village of Samagaon.
Day 15: Samagaon to Samdo 3860m 3-4hrs.
Climb to the iceberg-covered lake under the Manaslu Glacier then into yak pastures up a broad valley with long mani walls, marmots in all directions standing on their burrows and finally reach to Samdo a very picturesque village dedicated to yak herding.
Day 16: Samdo to Dharamsala 4470m 3-4hrs.
Trek through juniper with many marmots crossing two ravines on narrow tracks to reach the Larke Bazar and further an easy walk bring Dharamsala.
Day 17: Dharamsala to Bimtang 3700m 8--9hrs.
Climb steadily over the ridge of the Larke Glacier to the left up to Larkya La 5100m marked by prayer flags then descend over the moraine to the west, on the right side of a deep gully and eventually reach the Bimtang.
Day 18: Bimtang to Tilje 7-8hrs.
Climb steeply over a ridge and drop to Gurung Gho the first real village since Samdo. The valley becomes more agricultural as you pass fields and copses of oak, rhododendron, staying on the north bank until Tilje 2300m.
Day 19: Tilje to Tal 7hrs.
Trek down following the Marsyangdi Valley and reach to Tal village.
Day 20: Tal to Kathmandu via Besisahar 8-9hrs.
Drive to Kathmandu via Besisahar.
Day 21: Transfer to airport for onward flight.